Jerky Tips and Hints• Before embarking on your jerky experiments, familiarize yourself with the recommendations of the Food Safety and Inspection Service to avoid any foodborne illness risks.
• Select only the leanest cuts of meat and remove all visible fat. Fat can become rancid.
• It is advisable to freeze wild game completely to kill any potential parasites in the meat.
• When oven-drying, you can place strips directly on the oven racks, but put a layer of heavy-duty foil on the bottom to catch any drips.
• A cake rack inside a foil-lined cookie sheet will also work, but may require boosted air circulation. A low-speed fan blowing toward the open oven door should do the trick.
• Be sure to allow adequate space in between slices for air circulation. Arrange slices at least 1/2-inch apart.
• Partially frozen meat is easier to slice into thin strips. For old-fashioned chewy jerky, cut strips along the grain. For more tender jerky, slice against the grain.
• Thicker slices will take longer to dry than thin ones. Try to keep your strips as uniform in size as possible for even drying.
• Use paper towels to blot any rising oils from the surface.
• Depending on your drying method, it may be necessary to flip the meat at the halfway point.
• Be sure jerky has completely cooled before storing. Blot away any moisture. Store in an airtight container in the refrigerator or freezer.
• Jerky will weigh approximately one-fourth its original raw weight.
• Finished jerky products should be as pliable as a green stick. It should not break cleanly like a dry stick. This doneness test should be performed after the jerky has cooled.
• Salt not only helps pull moisture from the meat, it also acts as a preservative. Jerky using salt will have an appreciably longer shelf-life than that without. In general, using 1 teaspoon of salt per pound of meat, plus any optional herbs and spices, is considered unsalted jerky.
• Salted jerky is generally brined in a solution using 2-1/2 cups pickling salt per 3 quarts of water, plus any optional herbs and spices. After 1 to 2 days, remove from brine, pat dry, and proceed with drying.
• Most salted jerky can be stored in the refrigerator or freezer for 2 to 3 months. Any longer and it deteriorates. Unsalted jerky should be refrigerated and used within 2 weeks.
• When using a marinade, always refrigerate.
• Take a basic jerky recipe and add your favorite herbs, spices, and flavorings in a marinade or dry rub to create your own signature jerky.
More About Jerky and Jerky Recipes:• Jerky Cooking Tips
• Jerky Drying Methods - How to dry jerky
• What is jerky? FAQ
• Jerky Recipes
Jerky Photo © 2009 Peggy Trowbridge Filippone, licensed to About.com, Inc.
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