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Ketchup / Catsup History

Original ketchup contained no tomatoes

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Ketchup / Catsup

© 2007 Peggy Trowbridge Filippone
Ketchup is America's favorite condiment, being found in 97 percent of kitchens. Studies show tomato ketchup can also be a powerful tool in the fight against cancer and heart disease. You might be surprised to learn that ketchup is not limited to plain tomato varieties.

Ketchup History

The word ketchup is derived from the Chinese ke-tsiap, a pickled fish sauce. It made its way to Malaysia where it became kechap and ketjap in Indonesia.

Seventeenth century English sailors first discovered the delights of this Chinese condiment and brought it west. Ketchup was first mentioned in print around 1690.

The Chinese version is actually more akin to a soy or Worcestershire sauce. It gradually went through various changes, particularly with the addition of tomatoes in the 1700s. By the nineteenth century, ketchup was also known as tomato soy.

Early tomato versions were much thinner with a consistency more like a soy or Worcestershire sauce.

F. & J. Heinz Company began selling tomato ketchup in 1876. By the end of the nineteenth century, tomato ketchup was the primary type of ketchup in the United States, and the descriptor of tomato was gradually dropped.

Catsup and catchup are acceptable spellings used interchangably with ketchup, however, ketchup is the way you will find it listed in the majority of cookbooks.

More About Ketchup

Ketchup / Catsup Storage and Fun Facts
What are ketchup's Legal Ingredients and how thick is it? Government Standards for Ketchup
Ketchup and Health
Ketchup / Catsup History
Ketchup / Catsup Recipes
Ketchup Photo © 2007 Peggy Trowbridge, licensed to About.com, Inc.

Cookbooks

Pure Ketchup : A History of America's National Condiment With Recipes
Salsas & Ketchup
The Sauce Bible
The Mediterranean Pantry
More Cookbooks
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